Complete Difference between concrete and cement ( Concrete vs Cement ) on the basis of their properties.
Concrete is a composite man-made material and is the most widely used material in the construction Industry. It consists of a rationally chosen mixture of binding material such as lime or cement, well-graded fine and coarse aggregate, water, and admixtures sometimes (to produce concrete with special properties).
And A Cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens, and adheres to other materials to bind them together. Cement is rarely used alone, but rather to bind sand and gravel (aggregate). concrete is the most used material that exists and is only behind water as the most consumed resource on the planet.
Properties of Concrete:
- It should have high compressive strength as compared to its own tensile strength.
- Free from corrosion and there is no appreciable effect of the atmospheric agent on it.
- It should be more economical than steel for RCC work.
- It should harden with age and the process of hardening continues for a long time.
- It binds the steel material in RCC work so that the bond strength increases.
- The concrete should have a tendency to shrinkage.
- The basic requirement of good concrete is that it should have good strength in a hardened state and remain fresh during transportation, placing, and compaction.
Properties of Cement:
- Cement is manufactured by integrating lime components and argillaceous components in a ratio of 3:1.
- Lime components can be limestone chalk, seashells, and marl while argillaceous components can be shale clay, blast furnace slag, or slate.
- The lime component is used to obtain the component called lime while the argillaceous component is composed of silica, alumina, iron oxide, and other impurities.
Classification of Concrete and Types of Cement:
1. Based on Cementing Material
2. Based on Perspective Specification
3. Based on Performance-Oriented Specifications
4. Based on the Grade of Cement Concrete
5. Based on Bulk Density
6. Based on Place of Casting